Monday, December 22, 2014

Psychology Test 5 : Jung Typology

Jung Typology Test™

  1. You are almost never late for your appointments
  2. You like to be engaged in an active and fast-paced job
  3. You enjoy having a wide circle of acquaintances
  4. You feel involved when watching TV soaps
  5. You are usually the first to react to a sudden event, such as
    the telephone ringing or unexpected question
  6. You are more interested in a general idea than in the details of its realization
  7. You tend to be unbiased even if this might endanger
    your good relations with people
  8. Strict observance of the established rules is likely to prevent a good outcome
  9. It's difficult to get you excited 
  10. It is in your nature to assume responsibility
  11. You often think about humankind and its destiny
  12. You believe the best decision is one that can be easily changed
  13. Objective criticism is always useful in any activity
  14. You prefer to act immediately rather than speculate
    about various options
  15. You trust reason rather than feelings
  16. You are inclined to rely more on improvisation
    than on prior planning
  17. You spend your leisure time actively socializing
    with a group of people, attending parties, shopping, etc.
  18. You usually plan your actions in advance
  19. Your actions are frequently influenced by emotions
  20. You are a person somewhat reserved and distant in communication
  21. You know how to put every minute of your
    time to good purpose
  22. You readily help people while asking nothing in return
  23. You often contemplate the complexity of life
  24. After prolonged socializing you feel you need
    to get away and be alone
  25. You often do jobs in a hurry
  26. You easily see the general principle behind
    specific occurrences
  27. You frequently and easily express your feelings and emotions
  28. You find it difficult to speak loudly
  29. You get bored if you have to read theoretical books
  30. You tend to sympathize with other people
  31. You value justice higher than mercy
  32. You rapidly get involved in the social life
    of a new workplace
  33. The more people with whom you speak, the better you feel
  34. You tend to rely on your experience rather than
    on theoretical alternatives
  35. As a rule, you proceed only when you
    have a clear and detailed plan
  36. You easily empathize with the concerns of other people
  37. You often prefer to read a book than go to a party
  38. You enjoy being at the center of events in which
    other people are directly involved
  39. You are more inclined to experiment than
    to follow familiar approaches
  40. You avoid being bound by obligations
  41. You are strongly touched by stories about people's troubles 
  42. Deadlines seem to you to be of relative, rather than absolute, importance
  43. You prefer to isolate yourself from outside noises
  44. It's essential for you to try things with your own hands
  45. You think that almost everything can be analyzed
  46. For you, no surprises is better than surprises - bad or good ones
  47. You take pleasure in putting things in order
  48. You feel at ease in a crowd
  49. You have good control over your desires and temptations
  50. You easily understand new theoretical principles
  51. The process of searching for a solution is more
    important to you than the solution itself
  52. You usually place yourself nearer to the side
    than in the center of a room
  53. When solving a problem you would rather follow
    a familiar approach than seek a new one
  54. You try to stand firmly by your principles
  55. A thirst for adventure is close to your heart
  56. You prefer meeting in small groups over interaction
    with lots of people
  57. When considering a situation you pay more attention to
    the current situation and less to a possible sequence of events
  58. When solving a problem you consider the rational approach to be the best
  59. You find it difficult to talk about your feelings
  60. You often spend time thinking of how things
    could be improved
  61. Your decisions are based more on the feelings
    of a moment than on the thorough planning
  62. You prefer to spend your leisure time alone 
    or relaxing in a tranquil atmosphere
  63. You feel more comfortable sticking to
    conventional ways
  64. You are easily affected by strong emotions
  65. You are always looking for opportunities
  66. Your desk, workbench, etc. is usually neat and orderly
  67. As a rule, current preoccupations worry
    you more than your future plans
  68. You get pleasure from solitary walks
  69. It is easy for you to communicate in social situations
  70. You are consistent in your habits
  71. You willingly involve yourself in matters
    which engage your sympathies
  72. You easily perceive various ways in which events could develop
According to Carl G. Jung's theory of psychological types [Jung, 1971], people can be characterized by their preference of general attitude:
  • Extraverted (E) vs. Introverted (I),
their preference of one of the two functions of perception:
  • Sensing (S) vs. Intuition (N),
and their preference of one of the two functions of judging:
  • Thinking (T) vs. Feeling (F)
The three areas of preferences introduced by Jung are dichotomies (i.e. bipolar dimensions where each pole represents a different preference). Jung also proposed that in a person one of the four functions above is dominant – either a function of perception or a function of judging. Isabel Briggs Myers, a researcher and practitioner of Jung’s theory, proposed to see the judging-perceiving relationship as a fourth dichotomy influencing personality type [Briggs Myers, 1980]:
  • Judging (J) vs. Perceiving (P)
All possible permutations of preferences in the 4 dichotomies above yield 16 different combinations, or personality types, representing which of the two poles in each of the four dichotomies dominates in a person, thus defining 16 different personality types. Each personality type can be assigned a 4 letter acronym of corresponding combination of preferences:
The 16 personality types
The first letter in the personality type acronym corresponds to the first letter of the preference of general attitude - “E” for extraversion and “I” for introversion.
The second letter in the personality type acronym corresponds to the preference within the sensing-intuition dimension: “S” stands for sensing and “N” stands for intuition.
The third letter in the personality type acronym corresponds to preference within the thinking-feeling pair: “T” stands for thinking and “F” stands for feeling.
The forth letter in the personality type acronym corresponds a person’s preference within the judging-perceiving pair: “J” for judging and “P” for perception.
For example:
  • ISTJ stands for Introverted, Sensing, Thinking, Judging
  • ENFP stands for Extraverted, iNtuitive, Feeling, Perceiving
What is your personality type? Take the Test!

What do percentages next to the personality type words or letters mean?

Humanmetrics Jung Typology Test™ (JTT™) and Jung Typology Profiler for Workplace™ (JTPW™) instrument determine the expressiveness of each of the four personality type dimensions (Extraversion vs. Introversion, Sensing vs. Intuition, Thinking vs. Feeling, and Judging vs. Perceiving.
In JTT™ and JTPW™, the scales of these four dimensions represent a continuum between two opposite poles, from 100 at one pole to 100 at another pole. I.e. Extravert-Introvert dimension is a continuum from 100 on Extraversion (i.e.  respondent is a 100% extravert) to 100 on Introversion (i.e.  respondent is a 100% introvert). In other words the scale is 200 units long:
Extravert [100% - - - 0% - - - 100%] Introvert
People may reveal features of both poles but typically have a preference of one way over the other. The letter indicates the preference and the percentage indicates the extent of it.
The E-I score of 0% means the respondent is at the borderline between being an extravert and an introvert. Having Extraversion score of greater than 0 - e.g. 20% - means being 20% more slanted toward Extraversion over Introversion. Having Introversion score of greater than 0 - e.g. 20% - means being 20% more slanted toward Introversion over Extraversion.
The same pertains to the S-N, T-F, and J-P dichotomies.

The Basics of Jung's Typology

Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961)Jung called Extraversion-Introversion preference general attitude, since it reflects an individual’s attitude toward the external world distinguished by the “direction of general interest” [Jung, 1971]: the extravert maintains affinity for, and sources energy from the outer world, whereas the introvert is the other way around – their general interest is directed toward their inner world, which is the source of their energy.
As mentioned above, Jung introduced a pair of judging functions -thinking and feeling - and a pair of perception functions – sensing (or “sensation”), and intuition.
Sensing-Intuition preference represents the method by which one perceives information: Sensing means an individual mainly relies on concrete, actual information - “in so far as objects release sensations, they matter” [1], whereas Intuition means a person relies upon their conception about things based on their understanding of the world. Thinking-Feeling preference indicates the way an individual processes information. Thinking preference means an individual makes decisions based on logical reasoning, and is less affected by feelings and emotions. Feeling preference means that an individual's base for decisions is mainly feelings and emotions.
Jung introduced the idea of hierarchy and direction of psychological functions. According to Jung, one of the psychological functions - a function from either judging or perception pair – would be primary (also called dominant). In other words, one pole of the poles of the two dichotomies (Sensing-Feeling and Thinking-Feeling) dominates over the rest of the poles. The Extraversion-Introversion preference sets the direction of the dominant function: the direction points to the source of energy that feeds it – i.e. to the outer world for extraverts and to the inner world for introverts.
Jung suggested that a function from the other pair would be secondary (also called auxiliary) but still be “a determining factor” [Jung, 1971]. I.e. if Intuition is dominant, then the auxiliary one is either Thinking or Feeling. If Sensing is dominant, then the auxiliary one can also be either Thinking or Feeling. However, if Thinking is dominant, then the auxiliary one is either Sensing or Intuition, and if Feeling is dominant then the auxiliary one is either Sensing or Intuition. In other words, the auxiliary function never belongs to the same dichotomy.
Jung called feeling and thinking types “rational” because they are characterized by the dominance of judging functions that provide reasoning rationale (be it thinking or feeling). “Rational” or Judging preference results in thinking, feelings, response and behaviour that consciously operate in line with certain rules, principles or norms. People with dominant "rational" or judging preference perceive the world as an ordered structure that follows a set of rules.
He called sensing and intuitive types “irrational” because they are characterized by dominance of the functions of perception (either sensing or intuition), and therefore their “commissions and omissions are based not upon reasoned judgment but upon the absolute intensity of perception” [Jung, 1971]. “Irrational” or Perceiving preference operates with opportunities, i.e. with a range of possible outcomes that result from assumed premises or from sensations, mostly driven by the unconscious processes. People with dominant "irrational" or Perceiving preference thinking see the world as a structure that can take various forms and outcomes. It is possible to determine, either by observation or by asking certain questions, preference of Judging vs. Perceiving and the strength thereof in a person.
  1. Jung, C. G. (1971). Psychological types (Collected works of C. G. Jung, volume 6, Chapter X)
  2. Briggs Myers, I. (1980, 1995) Gifts Differing: Understanding Personality Type


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